来源：中国省与美国密歇根州贸易投资合作联合工作组 时间：2017-01-12 00:00:00
Brief Introduction to Guangdong Province and Guangdong-U.S. Economic and Trade Cooperation
Guangdong Province is located in the southernmost part of the mainland China, and it is the center of the economic circle of South China and East-South Asia. The geographical area of the province is 1798 hundred square-kilometers with the permanent population of 109 million which earns Guangdong the name of the largest population province.
Since 1978 when Guangdong took the lead to embark on the journey of reform and opening up, the comprehensive economic strength of the province has leapt to the top rank in the country, and its economic scale has successively exceeded Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan, three of the “Four Asian Tigers”. In 2016, the total GDP of Guangdong reached 7.95 trillion yuan (10.7% of the national total), which increased by 7.5% compared to that in 2015, ranking first for the 28th year in a row. The per capita GDP was 72,787 yuan, which was 1.3 times higher than the national average. Guangdong also topped the country with its excellent performance in key economic indicators such as tax revenue, fiscal revenue, total retail sales of consumer goods, industrial added value and household savings.
The total import and export volume of Guangdong in 2016 amounted to 6.3 trillion yuan, topping the country for thirty-one years in a row. The export was 3.95 trillion yuan, taking up 28.5% of the national total with an increase rate of 0.2 percentage point. The innovation and development of processing trade has been accelerated. Guangdong has been leading the development of e-commerce in the country. In 2016, the total transaction volume of e-commerce of Guangdong gained 4.35 trillion yuan and the cross-border e-commerce trade volume stood at 22.8 billion yuan, both of which were the largest in China, representing a year-on-year increase of 25.2% and 53.8% respectively.
Guangdong has been encouraging foreign investors to seek their business opportunities in the province. By the end of 2016, Guangdong had accumulatively attracted 194,000 projects under direct foreign investment, an actually absorbed foreign investment of US$ 400.83 billion, equivalent to 1/4 of the national total. In 2016 alone, there were 8,078 projects under FDI established in Guangdong with a contractual value of US$ 86.7 billion and an actual absorption of foreign capital of US$ 23.3 billion. The actual foreign investment absorbed from the United States and Europe increased by 22.3% and 12.3% to US$ 230 million and US$ 940 million respectively. One thousand and five hundred enterprises invested by the Fortune 500 companies have set their foot in Guangdong.
Guangdong has been rigorously implementing the strategy of “Going Global” and actively participating in the development of “Belt and Road” to optimize the global distribution of investment and cooperation. By the end of 2016, the enterprises from Guangdong had established 8,603 non-financial enterprises in over 100 countries and regions. The total contractual value of the Chinese investment reached US$ 90.53 billion, with a major focus on the markets in Hong Kong, Macau, ASEAN countries and North America. In 2016, Guangdong approved 1,429 companies set up by domestic enterprises outside China’s mainland with a new investment volume amounting to US$ 28.276 billion. The accomplished turnover of foreign contracted projects was US$ 18.164 billion, and the actual income of the contract workers was US$ 892 million.
Guangdong has been strengthening its direct exchanges and cooperation with developed countries such as North American and European countries. Sisterhood relationship has been established between Guangdong and 6 provinces and 30 cities in North America. Guangdong has also joined 3 China-US provincial-level trade and investment cooperation joint working groups. Such bond has also been bridged with 19 provinces and 41 cities in Europe. Economic and trade communication agencies have been established to further promote the cooperation between Guangdong and the countries in North America and Europe. Guangdong Economic Development and Trade Promotion Offices to Europe, North America and Southeast Asia have been erected in Munich, Los Angeles and Kuala Lumper respectively.
The China (Guangdong) Pilot Free Trade Zone (Guangdong PFTZ) was officially established in April, 2015, covering an area of 116.2 km2, including Nansha New Area of Guangzhou, Qianhai and Shekou Districts of Shenzhen and Hengqin New Area of Zhuhai. Guangdong PFTZ has been pushing forward various missions steadily and achieved periodical success. In 2016, there were 77,000 newly established companies who set their sail for businesses here with a total utilization of contractual foreign investment of US$ 54.62 billion, up by 160%. Guangdong PFTZ is expected to be built into a high-level gateway hub for opening up to accommodate the international trade center, international shipping center, international financial center and global metropolitans.
In 2016, the imports and exports between Guangdong and the US reached about US$118.19 billion with 7.9% decrease, accounting for 12.4% of the foreign trade in Guangdong. By the end of 2016, the accumulated FDI approved by the province has amounted to 5046 projects with contractual value figure registered as US$12.38 billion, and actual FDI reached US$8.51 billion, accounting for 2.19% of the provincial FDI. By 2016, Guangdong enterprises have set up 774 companies in the U.S. With the actual ODI of US$10.08 billion, actual ODI of US$5.6 billion.
In the future, Guangdong Province would promote the cooperations with the US and California in advanced manufacturing industry, modern service industry and hi-tech industry and encourage the enterprises from the above-mentioned industries to invest in Guangdong. Guangdong also encourages the Guagdong enterprises to cooperate with the counterparts in California to conduct in-depth cooperations in bio-medicine, electronics, modern agriculture and modern industry such as software, information telecommunication, finance, logistics and culture creation, by which means can promote the Guangdong enterprises with capital advantages to jointly cooperate and invest with the companies in the US and California which enjoy the advantages in technology and service.